Distribution Of Fines And Fees
Idaho courts, with the help of elected county clerks, collect and distribute assessed fines and fees. Court fines and fees collected support many city, county, and state programs. During county fiscal year 2020*, $4.5 million was distributed to cities, $17.0 million was distributed to counties, and $26.4 million was distributed to the State of Idaho.
Supporting Idaho Courts
Approximately 53% of total court fines and fees collected are allocated back to counties and to the state to support Idaho courts. Other funding needed is provided through county and state sources such as General Fund appropriations, sales and property taxes, federal grant funding, and other allocations.
Direct Funding Allocation
Most trial court expenditures are paid directly by county funds or allocations from the Idaho Supreme Court. In FY2020, Idaho courts received $151 million in direct funding support from county and state resources. Direct funding is used to support the payment of court and judicial personnel, operating expenses, and capital outlay.
Trial Court Expenditures
Expenditures totaled $145 million in FY2020. This does not include other expenses paid by the Idaho Supreme Court necessary for the operation of Idaho courts, such as technology and equipment, licenses, judicial education and travel, and other operating expenses.
*Idaho counties’ fiscal year-end is September 30, which differs from the state’s fiscal year-end of June 30. Due to the limited time that counties have to submit their trial court financial information to the Idaho Supreme Court, Idaho court financial information is presented for the previous fiscal year. This information is submitted by each county court to the Idaho Supreme Court for reporting purposes. The data has not been audited or validated.